Qiao family Courtyard
Qiaojiayuan Cultural Park, located in the central area of Shanxi merchants'cultural tourism, is a scenic spot mainly composed of ecological, natural and cultural landscapes. It consists of Qiaojiayuan "Four Halls and One Garden" and Changyuan River National Wetland Park. As one of the birthplaces of Shanxi merchant culture, Qiaojiayuan has rich cultural connotation and strong humanistic flavor. It can be said that it is a living specimen for studying ancient dwellings. Changyuan River National Wetland Park is the breeding habitat of endangered rare birds and black stork, which is the key protected wildlife in the world. It is also the concentrated distribution area of wild soybean, which is the key protected wildlife in the country. It is of great significance for the systematic study of northern ecology.
Among them, Qiao's courtyard "four halls and one garden" includes Zhongtang, Dexing Hall, Ningshou Hall, Baoyuan Hall and Qiao's garden. Founded in the twentieth year of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty (1755 A.D.), it was named after Qiao Zhiyong, a commercial capitalist at home and abroad, who was a prominent businessman in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. So far, it has completely preserved the commercial and folk features of Qiao's family in its heyday. It covers an area of more than 25600 square meters and has 18 courtyards, 41 small courtyards and 731 houses. It fully displays farming customs, season of the year, life etiquette, Qiao family historical materials, treasure exhibition, commercial customs, folk custom, food, clothing, housing, traditional Jin opera, Qitai Yangge, Xingyi Quan, props of TV drama Qiao Jia Dayuan, etc. The two series of tens of thousands of cultural relics truly reflect the folk customs and Shanxi merchant culture of the northern Han nationality in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Among them, Changyuan River National Wetland Park is located in the east of Qixian County, Shanxi Province, from Jialing Bridge in Jialing Town in the north to Yugou Estuary in the east of Laiyuan Town in the south, with a total investment of 480 million yuan. By the end of 2012, the total investment of Changyuan River National Wetland Park is 250 million yuan, with a total area of 14,000 mu, of which the wetland area is 0.69 million mu. In November 2011, it was named National Wetland Park by the State Forestry Administration. It has become the second National Wetland Park in the province and the first National Wetland Park in Jinzhong.
Qiaojiayuan Cultural Park is 54 kilometers away from Taiyuan, 45 kilometers away from Taiyuan South Railway Station and Wusu International Airport, less than 20 kilometers away from Nantong-Pu Railway and Qixian Station of Daxi High-speed Railway, and adjacent to 208, 108 National Highway and Beijing-Kunming, Qingyin, Yuqi, Taichang (Erguang), Dayun Expressway. From the early stage of building the library in 1986 till now, Qiao's courtyard has been constantly exploring and innovating. On the premise of protecting traditional folk culture, by stimulating the traditional cultural connotation and potential resource advantages of the courtyard, taking "displaying the Shanxi business courtyard and inheriting the spirit of Shanxi businessmen" as the main line, it highlights the local folklore characteristics, and increases the artistry and culture of the courtyard. Starting from the aspects of interesting and so on, the exhibition exhibits ten series of contents: farming custom, season of the year, living custom, life etiquette, business custom, folk craft, grand family display, Qiao family history, drama Yangge, special exhibition, which vividly reflects the folk customs and folk culture of Jinzhong District of Shanxi Province in Ming and Qing Dynasties. The museum's collection of cultural relics includes calligraphy, paintings, porcelain, bronze, pottery, bamboo and wood, gold and silver, stone, currency, jade, sear and embroidery of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Among them, the exhibits "Rhinoceros Moon Mirror", "Kowloon Lantern" and "Ten Thousand Globes" are rare treasures, which are particularly noticeable.
Qiao's courtyard highlights the characteristics of the courtyard and achieves good social and economic benefits with the exquisite architectural pattern, the inheritance of folk culture and the charm of Shanxi merchants'spirit. Over the past 20 years since its opening, it has attracted a large number of theatre groups, including more than 40 films and TV plays such as "The Red Lantern hangs high", "Chang Jin Yuan Ticket", "Miss Zhao and Zhang Xueliang" and "Qiao Jia Yuan". Qiaojiayuan has been declared by the State Council as a national key cultural relics protection unit, and by the State Administration of Cultural Relics as a national second-level museum; it has been rated as a national excellent cultural and Museum unit, ten top tourist attractions in Shanxi Province, AAA enterprises of quality level, ten top cultural brands in Shanxi Province, etc.
Qiaojia Courtyard "Four Halls and One Garden" - - Traffic Route of Changyuan River National Wetland Park
1.108 National Highway Tourist Route
Self-driving tour route: Starting from the exit of the courtyard, through National Highway 208 and 108, you can get off at Changyuan River Wetland Park.
Bus Line: Starting from the gate of the courtyard, take Qixian No. 8 Bus (Xiaoyi Village - Railway Station) and get off at Changyuan River Wetland Park for 15 minutes.
2. Qiaojiayuan Tourist Special Line (to be opened soon)
Self-driving tour route: Starting from the exit of the west gate of the courtyard and through Xiaojiacun, it can reach Changyuan River Wetland Park directly.
Tourist sketch map of scenic spot